Structured doctoral education is to create a supportive environment. Setting up structures means taking institutional responsibility for training through research. Doctoral education is an individual journey, and structures must give support to individual development, and not to produce uniformity or predictability. The goals of structuring doctoral education must be to assure diverse and inclusive research environment of a high quality as the basis of doctoral education. This includes critical mass, transparent admission procedures and high quality of supervision.
Structuring doctoral education also means achieving flexible structures to expose early stage researchers to a wide range of opportunities, ensuring personal and professional development and to provide institutional support for a career development and mobility.
(excerpt from the "Salzburg II Recommendations" from the EUA European Univesity Association)